It did not take long after the entry into force of GDPR on 25th May 2018 for many companies to revise their positions and business priorities following their initial scepticism towards the penalties that were to be imposed by the new regulation.

The reality of the number of financial sanctions enforced by European institutions on companies after barely one year of application of the European General Data Protection Regulation has made it clear that the EU pays close attention to the respect of its citizens data security and privacy rights.


📚 The educational approach to GDPR compliance

Member States dispose of national data protection cells or independent supervisory bodies (FIU) responsible for ensuring compliance with the fundamental principles of the protection of personal data at a national level.

They can carry out verifications at the organisation's premises or online. Checks are carried out based on annual programs, complaints received, or information in the media. For some countries where data privacy regulation is historically strict, fundamental principles of data protection remain mostly unchanged (data security, fair processing, retention period, etc.), and therefore continue to be rigorously checked by the data protection authorities.


On the other hand, the new obligations and rights resulting from GDPR are subject to investigation and remediation controls that are commonly non-punitive. The goal is to help organisations understand the issues and operational implementation of the new provisions and the benefits of compliance.

During the first months of the existence of the new legal European privacy framework, the national privacy authorities have accomplished a tremendous pedagogical work. Educating companies and delivering GDPR awareness in the various sectors of activity, publishing concrete fact sheets on privacy rights, and guides on safety or impact assessment methodologies.

In Belgium, since 25 May 2018, the Data Protection Authority (DPA) has been the successor to the Commission for the Protection of Privacy (better known as the "Privacy Commission")




⚖️ What are the latest sanctions and warnings under GDPR ?

Except the cases of serious data breaches or deliberate bad faith, national privacy supervisory bodies rather alert, support and accompany companies to GDPR compliance than imposing radical fines up to 4% of the company's turnover.

These additional powers, such as issuing warnings of non-compliance, carrying out audits, requiring specific remediation within a specified time frame, ordering erasure of data, and suspending data transfers to a third country, are easily accessible to the data protection supervisory authorities and supplement the new sets of penalties.

Nonetheless, some precedents have already broke records in the number of fines imposed for transgressing data protection principles.
Among the numerous pending national complaints and fine proceedings, sanctions have already been imposed. The following table provides a non-exhaustive regularly updated list of sanctions imposed by national European jurisdictions and authorities against non-compliant organisations.


Biggest GDPR fines of 2019

Date
Company
Country
Info
Sanction
EU DPA
21/01
Google
France
Lack of transparency of the information provided by Google: "not easily accessible to users," unsatisfactory information, not "always clear and understandable. "
50.000.00€
29/10
Austrian Post
Austria
The drafting of profiles of over three million Austrians that included personal information such as habits and political affinities which were then sold to private companies and political parties.
18.000.000 €
05/11
Deutsche Wohnen
Germany
In breach of article 5/25 in which personal data should be erased after a number of years. The company had made that data available to employees.
14.500.000 €
05/09
National Revenue Agency
Bulgaria
The breach of the agency's confidential database by part of a hacker who disclosed the personal data of five million Bulgarian citizens. The agency was deemed to have poor technical protection of information security.
2.600.000 €
20/09
Morele.net
Poland
The data breach affected 2.2 million customers through the online retail store's network of website as they failed to respond to the emergence of irregular traffic.
644.780 €


Biggest GDPR fines of 2020

Date
Company
Country
Info
Sanction
EU DPA
05/10
H&M
Germany
The illegal surveillance of its employees who were filmed during special meetings that were available to over 50 managers.
35.300.00€
01/02
Tim Spa
Italy
Hundreds of thousands of unsolicitated communications towards clients who were registered to not receive any kind of marketing.
27.800.000 €
16/10
British Airways
Great Britain
The failure to implement adequate security measures for the protection of personal data of 400.000 customers.
22.000.000 €
30/10
Marriott International Inc
Great Britain
The failure to protect 339 million guest records worldwide due to a cyberattack in 2014 which remained undetected until 2018.
20.000.000 €
14/07
Wind Tre
Italy
Unsolicitated marketing towards clients who did not have the option to opt out of the service.
16.700.000 €


Biggest GDPR fines of 2021

Date
Company
Country
Info
Sanction
EU DPA
08/01
notebooksbilliger.de
Germany
Non-compliance video monitoring on employees for 2 years.
10.400.00€
12/03
Vodafone Spain
Spain
International data transfer were made without taking into account GDPR requirements & customers were contacted without their consent.
8.150.000 €
14/01
Caixabank
Spain
Insufficient and inconsistent information provided to their customers under the privacy policy.
6.000.000 €
11/02
OLVG Amsterdam Hospital
Netherlands
Insufficient patient's data protection for 2 years (2018-2020).
440.000 €
10/03
VfB Stuttgart
Germany
Data protection accountability breaching under Art.5 (2)
300.000 €


The general obligation of the controller is to always provide appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure that the processing of European individuals' data is carried out in accordance with the GDPR.

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Oscar Canario da Cunha - Pideeco Network Partner
Oscar Canario da Cunha Associate Director
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