Introduction to RegTech and Regulatory ComplianceThe worldwide economy repercussions of the 2008 financial crisis led regulators to strengthen their regulations and controls against the financial market operators. Financial institutions are today facing a challenging regulatory landscape (MiFID2, AMLD5, GDPR, FATCA, CRS, CRD, UCITS, PRIIPS, FRTB, EMIR,...) accompanied by regulatory evaluations and coercive measures that urge them to revise their corporate regulatory compliance program as a top priority.
The cost of revising internal compliance with a new set of regulation are consequent for any business due to the operational implications. Updating of a running financial organisation's operating system to comply with new regulatory requirements comes with a substantial financial impact. It might require to adapt or to remodel system interfaces, rationalise business processes and workflows, to create or to update policies and procedures that formalise the new compliance methodology and its working instructions.
Today's cost of non-compliance could much further increase than the amount of compliance revision if the means put in place are considered insufficient and have been proven to be the source of poor vigilance or lack of controls leading to an abuse of the financial system.
Cost-effectively speaking, at that crucial moment in time Reg Tech startups and Reg Tech companies entered the financial services market.
What is RegTech or Regulatory Technology ?Reg Tech, also known as Regulatory Technology, is the management of regulatory processes (risk, monitoring, reporting, assessment, compliance) through innovative technology solutions within numerous industries among which finance has today's preference and clear focus.
Being aware of the difficulties that financial institutions faced to constantly remodel their operational systems and processes to keep the pace with the trend of the regulatory landscape expansion, Reg Tech startups took the business opportunity to offer compliance tools that help financial organisation processing legal requirements more efficiently, cost-productively and with more agility.
Nowadays the Reg Tech industry is growing rapidly and Reg Tech companies are entering the most significant and newest financial operators delivering innovative cloud computing technology solutions helping them analyse and treat their data in a more complex and automated way. Artificial Intelligence through Machine Learning algorithms is setting new standards in patterns recognition and is already being used for detecting and preventing financial crimes.
What is the difference between FinTech and RegTech ?A standard definition of Reg Tech often classifies it as a subset of the Fin Tech, but is it justified?
Finance and Information Technology symbiosis was established a long time ago. Fin Tech is a new industry that applies innovative technology to serve and improve financial activities.
While Fin Tech and Reg Tech are two industries that could benefit financial institutions, Regulatory Technology aims to a broader scope of industries.
Sensitive regulatory requirements do not solely regard banking and financial industries. Governmental applications, pharmaceutical industries, human resource services could be the next generation of business to benefit from Reg Tech compliance platforms and dedicated services to reduce the cost of regulatory compliance.
Bio-metric technology is it Fin Tech or Reg Tech ?
The line is thin between Fin Tech and Reg Tech. The certainty is that the first industry brought the second to life and both can be perfectly combined. Reg Tech companies are already shaping the future standards of banking and financial institutions analysis, monitoring and reporting aspects of regulatory compliance, but Reg Tech is by definition applicable to various industries.
Reg Tech Solutions for Compliance Officers in the finance industryTechnology as backside of regulatory compliance processes within financial institution have two main illustration:
RegTech KYC and RegTech AMLThe know your customer regulation or KYC is a major concern among the compliance processing domains.
To realise the applicability of swiftly changing regulations to ensure that appropriate controls are in place is not an easy scenario.
All along the course of the business relationship, the financial firms need to identify and verify the identity of their customers.
To prevent financial institutions from being used for criminal activity such as money laundering, continuous monitoring of transactions and other customer behaviours, assessments of the relationship and individual risk profiles are a complex but a necessary burden.
The complexity of the identification and verification processes and continuous evolving aspects of these variables often leads up to assigning these essential parts of the process of detection of financial crimes to manual pricey and labour consuming investigation processes.
This ultimately exposes financial accountability in the fight against money laundering and prevention to abuse the financial system.
The monitoring of transactional behaviour is one of the most essential elements to help compliance officers to detect anomalies. The Technology behind financial companies' payment or exchange services is designed to capture the details of every transaction occurred in their network.
Latter-day technology-driven mechanisms incredibly reinforce the knowledge and control of the criminal activity' patterns hidden behind the gigantic amount of data transactions carried out by the detection systems of financial institutions.
Artificial intelligence already fed by detection scenario and enhanced with pattern recognition (machine learning) mechanisms, challenges compliance officers in the detection of suspicious transactional behaviours.
Reg Tech KYC and Reg Tech AML solutions are leveraging technology to foster inclusion of big-data pertinent information analysis, monitoring and reporting into banks and financial institutions preventive due diligence operations to fight against the misuse of the financial system and to help detecting suspicious financial crime situations such as money laundering, tax avoidance, terrorism and nuclear weapons financing.